City of Trogir
Trogir was originally an Illyrian settlement and then colonized by the Greeks – the Dorians from Syracuse who founded the fortified town. Their arrival marked the town’s first significant influx of settlers. Although the town extended its original size over the history, the number of its inhabitants didn’t change significantly because of the lack of its core space and restricted farming area on the mainland. Since agriculture was crucial in the past to feed the population, the town farming lands needed to be uninhabited as to ensure survival of the town.
The third reason why the population didn’t considerably increase in number was the lack of safety outside the town walls because of the permanent danger of wars of conquest throughout the history. In 1123 the town was almost completely destroyed by the Saracens who inflicted heavy losses on its population. The surviving inhabitants abandoned it temporarily for Split. However, the town recovered in the second half of the 12th century. At that time its core had a population of 3 000 people, same as it has today.
In 1832 cholera swept the town, killing 200 people while forcing the others to leave the town. In the 20th century, poverty and misery was brought by World War One, while decrease in the population number was caused by constant Austrian army recruitment in the town, even from older men whenever there was a shortage of the young ones.
After World War Two, the shift away from agriculture to industry caused the expansion of the town over the surrounding landscape, mostly on the island of Ciovo to the south, and Travarica to the north side of the town. At the same time the immigrants particularly from Zagora and neighbouring islands began to settle the town because of the newly opened posts mostly in the shipbuilding, stone and metal industries.
Today, Trogir has a population of 10 907 people (according to the census of 2001), it has 3 370 families whose average annual growth rate is 0, 61% (1991-2001). The town of Trogir as well as other towns of the Split-Dalmatian County, is among rare Croatian towns having the positive annual growth i.e. its annual birth rate is higher than the death rate. Unlike the national average which resulted in decrease of -2, 4‰ in 2004, the annual growth in Trogir was 2, 2‰ (birth rate 10, 5‰; death rate 8, 3‰). There are annually about 50 births more than deaths.
This positive trend was reinforced by the immigration fluxes during the Homeland war and immediately after that when the Croats from Bosnia and Hercegovina settled area of Central Dalmatia.